Decarbonisation Technology May 2022 Issue

2020 project funded to shed light on the implementation reality of IS solutions and on the ways to overcome related barriers. CORALIS demonstration industrial areas share the identification and deployment of enabling technologies as the main driver behind their symbiotic relationships. Likewise, the project focuses on technological innovations, while it is complemented by managerial and economic considerations of IS, which, when combined, indicate the IS readiness level; in other words, the overall feasibility of the IS solution. The analysis, design, and implementation of an IS initiative according to this triple perspective is being accompanied by an impact assessment methodology, which provides a harmonised framework for the monitoring and follow-up of results, as well as the quantification of benefits for the actors involved in the IS initiative. Execution methodology In order to achieve a significant improvement of the overall IS readiness level in real demonstration sites, thus tackling differing perspectives involved in such initiatives, CORALIS will demonstrate the deployment of novel symbiotic value chains in three demonstration sites (lighthouse demonstrators), along with three extra follower cases to validate and replicate results.

It will also demonstrate the deployment of novel symbiotic value chains in its demonstration sites by the development and implementation of instrumental technologies for IS. The overall objective of the identified technologies is to contribute to the decarbonisation of the industrial areas and the transition to a circular economy. In particular, four different approaches have been considered in the implementation of technological innovations to IS initiatives: • CO₂ capture and valorisation for the creation of zero direct emissions industrial areas : At Escombreras industrial area, the implementation of a symbiotic process for KNO 3 will require the consumption of CO₂, provided by different industries within the park after its capture. In the industrial area in Sweden, a capture unit will be installed at the steel company to provide CO₂ to a nearby greenhouse. • Reduction in raw materials consumption by the implementation of circular economy approaches : At Escombreras, calcium from the industrial area wastewater management system will be recovered to substitute the current consumption of CaCO 3 and CaSO 4 at QSr. Also, HCl byproduct will be recycled as raw material for the existing processes. At Brescia, industrial

Symbiotic value chain demonstration


Key enabling technologies for IS Decarbonisation of industrial parks Circular economy principles at industrial level Process redesign for adaptation to IS Business models and distribution of benets Contractual issues (IS facilitator gure) Infrastructure ownership models Uncertainty and risk mitigation Investment needs and funding sources available Awareness creation among stakeholders Secure data exchange protocols and channels Creation of joint management structures Condentiality and trustful communication Creation of local/regional/national synergies Standardised framework for measuring IS bents Generation of a knowledge based on IS Transfer of results to increase awareness

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IS initiative monitoring and impact assessment

KRIs and KPAs for real-time monitoring of the IS interaction Techno- and thermo-economic assessment of IS solutions Life cycle approach for impacts analysis

Figure 2 CORALIS project concept and approach


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