Decarbonisation Technology May 2022 Issue

Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe

waste from four different industries will be shared to reduce the demand for raw materials like iron ore for metal production. In addition, the lighthouse in Sweden will assess different circular economy approaches, including the valorisation of slags and the transformation of organic industrial wastes into fertilisers. • Energy consumption optimisation through waste heat recovery and valorisation: In Sweden, low-grade waste heat will be recovered so it can be used in the operation of a greenhouse. At Brescia, novel technologies for industrial waste treatment will incorporate waste heat recovery techniques, so different alternatives for its use, including the supply to nearby district heating systems, will be analysed. • Integration of renewable energy sources at an industrial level : At Escombreras industrial area, a thermo-economic study will be conducted to create a design of a CSP plant operating at an industrial area level to maximise the production of renewable energy and the substitution of natural gas for steam production in order to get zero CO₂ direct emissions. At Brescia, the substitution of fossil sources (carbon) with biogenic materials (biochar) will be performed. Impact assessment and monitoring of IS interaction The development of new methods and metrics facilitates the monitoring, management, and Horizon 2020 was the EU Research and Innovation programme with nearly $80 billion of funding over the period 2014- 2020. Many of the projects funded by Horizon 2020 are ongoing. Horizon Europe is the latest EU funding programme for research and innovation, with a budget of €95.5 billion over the period 2021-2027. It tackles climate change, helps to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals,

improvement of IS opportunities. Moreover, the use of a standardised assessment approach enables the comparison between IS solutions as well as the sharing of results to create awareness and replicate best practices and benefits among industrial areas. For this reason, CORALIS has developed a set of indicators – key performance indicators and key performance areas (KPIs and KPAs) that will support the technical, environmental, and economic evaluation of IS and will allow for better decision making. Based on those, a methodology for the joint techno- and thermo-economic analysis of the IS solutions will be deployed, enabling the transformation of the IS analysis process into a mono-criteria assessment using energy as a homogenising agent. A methodology for measuring emissions, benefits, and consumption between involved actors in the industrial areas is being developed to verify the flow exchanges and the implications for the different parties. On top of this approach, life cycle and life cycle cost analysis (LCA and LCC) are being implemented to obtain a wider approach to the impact of the IS solutions. This generates a life cycle inventory (LCI) for IS and provides useful information for identifying best practices that minimise the economic and environmental impacts, taking into consideration future operational and replacement needs. There will be a monitoring period of the implanted IS solutions, in which further learning will be obtained. and boosts the EU’s competitiveness and growth. The programme facilitates collaboration and strengthens the impact of research and innovation in developing, supporting, and implementing EU policies while tackling global challenges. It supports creating and better dispersing of excellent knowledge and technologies. Legal entities from the EU and associated countries can participate.


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