Decarbonisation Technology May 2022 Issue

IP of Sweden Nordvastra Skanes Renhallning Nordvastra Skanes Vatten och Avlopp Oresundskraft Helsingborg


Svartsengi Resource Park



Harjavalta IP


Eyde Network


NISP Scotland


Kalundborg IS




Biopark Terneuzen

Dy Eco Park London Sustainable Industries Park LSIP_London NISP UK

Rotterdam harbour

Zero Emission Park Bremen

Knapsack IP Z.E.P. Kaiserslautern Z.E.P. Bottrop

Ökopark Hartberg Steiermark

Kaiserbaracke Industrial Park Essenscia Brussels Symbioseplatform Monceau-Fontaines Park


Havre harbour IP

Green Tech Valley

Bazancourt-Pomacle Lagny-sur-Marne La Courtilière IP


Styria R.N.

NISP Hungary


Chemical Valley IA

ECOERG Suceava

Ponte Rizzoli IP

Prato Industrial Macrolotto

Sagunto Parc de l’Alba

IP of Rieti-Cittaducale

Tanning Cluster (S. Croce sull’Arno)

Relvao Eco-IP



ENEA Italian Network

Organised Waste Market

Padova Industrial Park

Figure 1 Main EU hotspots for exploiting IS in Europe (Domenech et al. , 2019)

many industries have been reducing their energy demand in the last years through energy efficiency measures to decrease costs and improve competitiveness. Nevertheless, there is still a high potential for further improvements, especially when considering that up to 50% of the energy consumption is wasted as heat. Moreover, the European Commission’s (EC) Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe points out that improving the reuse of raw materials through greater ‘industrial symbiosis’ could save €1.4 billion a year across the EU and generate €1.6 billion in sales. Therefore, the potential to tackle the challenge of providing regular supplies without fluctuations by exploiting the utilisation of waste material flows is indeed a promising venture, which can lead to the identification of business opportunities leveraging underutilised resources through IS as well as to the development of a more sustainable and integrated industrial system. Target markets vary from construction, cement, and foundries to iron, steel, chemical

and petrochemical sectors, and more. However, the types of waste streams exchanged between companies depend on the sectorial composition of the nearby companies. In terms of enhanced market opportunities, two types of waste exchange models can be identified: firms producing waste (usually large producers) and firms using waste (for both big firms and small to medium enterprises, or SMEs). In that context, besides causing a significant reduction in resource use and CO₂ emissions by industrial processes, IS should also generate new job positions. In particular, by 2030, it is projected that an expansion of circular activity could create a potential labour market impact of 1.2 million new jobs (Domenech et al. , 2018). CORALIS EU project CORALIS (Creation Of new value chain Relations through novel Approaches facilitating Long-term Industrial Symbiosis) is a four-year (October 2020-September 2024) Horizon


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