Decarbonisation Technology - May 2023 Issue

Nevertheless, numerous ports worldwide are now experimenting with low and zero- emission technologies and fuels as part of their commitment to mitigating climate change. The Port of Vancouver is a great example of sustainable initiatives being tested. These initiatives include biodiesel fuels for boats, ferries and locomotives, hydrogen-powered equipment, and battery-electric-powered terminal tractors (Container News, 2022). Established in 2018, the World Ports Climate Action Program (WPCAP) actively supports the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement through initiatives focused on Efficiency, Cooperation, Encouragement, and Policy (World Ports, 2023). Smart digital solutions enhance vessel management and port operations, resulting in shorter turnaround times, fuel savings, and reduced emissions. Collaboration among member ports expedites the implementation of shore-based power, leading to lower emissions and improved air quality. Encouragement for the adoption of low-carbon and carbon-free fuels reduces emissions from terminal equipment, while co-operation between port authorities and terminal operators fosters the introduction of emission-free storage and terminal equipment such as container cranes. Policy initiatives include collaboration and knowledge exchange in areas such as incentive schemes to promote emission reductions in the maritime sector. Need for industry collaboration The journey toward decarbonising the shipping industry involves transitioning away from conventional fossil fuels. Ports can decrease their emissions by supplying ship-to-shore power and electrifying port-based activities. However, the transition requires significant collaboration and investment from various stakeholders, including ports and fuel suppliers. Developing the necessary infrastructure and ensuring sufficient availability of alternative fuels is a multi- faceted challenge that can be tackled through a combination of strategic planning, public-private partnerships (PPPs), and industry collaboration. Firstly, strategic planning is critical for the successful deployment of alternative fuel infrastructure. Ports and fuel suppliers must comprehensively assess the current and future demand for alternative fuels, considering

regulatory requirements, technological advancements, and the global shipping fleet’s evolving fuel preferences. This information can help stakeholders identify key areas for infrastructure development and prioritise investments accordingly. Furthermore, long-term planning can aid in the phased implementation of alternative fuel infrastructure, allowing ports and suppliers to adapt to changing market conditions while minimising risks and capital expenditure. PPPs play a crucial role in developing and financing alternative fuel infrastructure. By leveraging the strengths of both public and private sectors, PPPs can facilitate the sharing of risks, resources, and expertise, enabling the accelerated deployment of new technologies and infrastructure. Governments can support these partnerships by providing financial incentives, policy frameworks, and regulatory measures encouraging investment in alternative fuel infrastructure. Private sector entities, on the other hand, can contribute their technical know- how, operational experience, and market-driven insights to ensure the successful development and commercialisation of alternative fuels. Industry collaboration is essential to address the challenges associated with the supply and availability of alternative fuels. Fuel suppliers, shipping companies, and ports must work together to co-ordinate and streamline the supply chain, ensuring that alternative fuels are readily accessible to meet the growing demand. This collaboration may involve information sharing, joint research and development initiatives, and the formation of industry associations to promote standardisation and best practices. Such efforts can help create a more robust and efficient alternative fuel market, fostering greater adoption and supporting the shipping industry’s transition towards a more sustainable future.


Robert Moorcroft Nathan D Wood

Torill Bigg


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