Decarbonisation Technology - November 2023 Issue

Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley The industry is focused on decarbonisation and the energy transition, with emission reduction targets to hit in 2030 and 2050

H 2 Business Unit Cepsa

C epsa is working to deliver its ‘Positive Motion’ pledge to decarbonise all its businesses, reduce Scope 1 and 2 emissions by 55%, reduce the carbon intensity of its products (Scope 3) by 15-20% by 2030, and achieve net zero CO₂ emissions by 2050 . We will help our industrial partners and transport customers decarbonise internationally, making us an industry leader in the energy transition. Since the 1990s, the European Union (EU) has promoted the development of renewable energies through legislative acts such as Directive 2018/2001/EU (RED II), which defines the objectives of the Union’s energy policies in the field of renewable energies and decarbonisation of various sectors (such as industry and transport). Subsequently, a range of related policies and legislative instruments have been proposed, revised, and approved. The European Green Deal, a package of initiatives to achieve net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050, puts the emphasis on the adoption of renewable fuels such as hydrogen in industry and transport, with the objective of mitigating the effects of climate change. A year later, despite the tremendous impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, where the EU had to take important measures in energy matters, it launched the Hydrogen Roadmap, making hydrogen a central axis of the European decarbonisation plan. With the aim of further strengthening energy policies, the Commission published a new energy legislative package, Fit For 55, setting ambitious targets and tools to reduce GHG emissions to at least 55% below 1990 levels by 2030. The Commission also introduced national targets for renewable

energy and mandatory targets to decarbonise and diversify the transport sector, with the aim of reducing the GHG intensity of carbon fuels by using quotas for renewable fuels such as biofuels and renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO) by 2030. After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the EU decided to accelerate the energy transition, increasing the targets for the share of renewable energy in the EU mix, including the production of 10 million tons of domestic hydrogen, with imports of another 10 million tons by 2030, and targets for production and supply of RFNBOs in industry and transport under the RePower EU strategy. The increase in the production of renewable hydrogen in member countries represents a unique opportunity to begin the design of a European environment characterised by the security of energy supply and, in particular its application in sectors that are difficult to electrify. Since then, regulatory development at the European level has increased exponentially, resulting in a regulatory network with clear objectives in each sector, such as aviation (ReFuel Aviation), maritime (FuelEU Maritime), characterised by extraction, production, consumption, and disposal, is riddled with environmental consequences ” “ The petrochemical industry’s linear product life-cycle model,


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