Decarbonisation Technology - February 2023

Raffinerie Heide: a refinery reinvents itself

How Raffinerie Heide is driving innovation and pioneering the development of green hydrogen through its HySCALE100 and Westküste 100 initiatives

Sandra Niebler Raffinerie Heide GmbH

C limate protection and the energy transition are currently the big topics throughout Europe and, therefore, the top political issues in Germany. The challenge is to keep global warming below 2°C while providing sufficient energy to satisfy demand from domestic consumers and industries. Consistent decarbonisation of energy systems and sustainable raw materials are needed to achieve this. Energy-intensive industrial companies, such as Raffinerie Heide, play a key role. Raffinerie Heide: into a green future with innovative ideas Raffinerie Heide GmbH is Germany‚Äôs northernmost oil refinery, located in Dithmarschen, Schleswig-Holstein, close to the North Sea. It has an annual processing capacity of 4.5 million tonnes of crude oil, producing traditional petroleum products such as petrol, diesel, and aviation fuel. It also produces light heating oil and base materials for the chemicals industry. Raffinerie Heide is one of the most complex refineries in the world and among the best in terms of utilisation and availability, thanks to its strict standards of care in relation to maintenance. In partnership with others, Raffinerie Heide is one of the German refineries that politicians have entrusted with the task of finding economically viable and industrially feasible answers to the climate and energy security issues. It has been dynamically aligning itself for a new, greener future for several years now and is striving to actively help shape the energy transition in Germany. As in all decarbonisation

projects, the key element in northern Germany is green hydrogen. Multitalented hydrogen Hydrogen is multitalented. The most common element in the universe is not just vital for countless chemical processes but is an ideal and versatile secondary source of energy or energy carrier. As such, hydrogen plays a crucial role in integrated energy for the electricity, mobility, heat, and chemical sectors. Hydrogen can replace fossil energy sources in numerous applications, and experts have long considered it the key element in the energy transition. The German federal government also recognised this when they passed the National Hydrogen Strategy in June 2020. The National Hydrogen Strategy provides an operational framework for the future production, transport, storage, and use of green hydrogen. The strategy aims to establish hydrogen technology as a core element of the energy transition. The German federal government has given clear regulatory signals needed to support the construction of hydrogen plants with a total capacity of 5 GW by 2030. However, so that hydrogen does not have to carry a carbon rucksack during the decarbonisation of the energy system, grey has to become green. Schleswig-Holstein: an ideal location for a green hydrogen economy Along with Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg- West Pomerania and Lower Saxony, Schleswig- Holstein is one of the Northern German states to have joined forces in the HY-5 green hydrogen

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