Catalysis 2022 issue

bly manufactured, and specifically tuned for any established or emerg- ing application. Its accessible zeo- lites have proven to possess unique combinations of mesopore quantity and quality, with preserved intrin- sically desired zeolitic features such as microporosity, acidity, crystallin- ity, and hydrothermal stability. Moreover, Zeopore’s broad on-topic experience enables it to maximise synergies in the supply chain, pushing the overall zeolite and catalyst manufacturing pro- cesses from commercially realis- tic to commercially attractive. For example, the standard unit oper- ations and low-cost ingredients maximise the options for process integration with hydrothermal synthesis. Alternatively, the more accessible zeolite facilitates more economical catalyst making by boosting accessibility (hence effec - tive use) of the metal sites. Nowadays, it is difficult to imagine the global energy matrix free of fossil transportation fuels, especially in developing econo- mies. Raising the participation of renewable raw material in crude oil refineries can be an attractive strategy. The Brazilian case rein- forces this — even in nations with high demand for transportation fuels, biofuels can play a funda- mental role. Zeopore is currently shifting from demonstrating the added value of its tuned mesoporised zeolites to industrial scale-up and commer- cialisation in collaboration with leading international parties. It cus- tomises its manufacturing processes to the industrial demands of various partners towards industrial runs scaled up to several tons of zeolite catalysts. of the energy matrix requires even more flexibility and agil - ity by refiners aiming to keep and improve refining margins in the scenario of reduction in demand for transportation fuels and growing demand for petro- chemicals. However, there are technologies to enable the copro- cessing of renewables and fossil feed streams in crude oil refin - eries, reducing the environmen- tal impact of the downstream industry. Reference 1 Verboekend D, Perez-Ramirez J, Design of hierarchical zeolite catalysts by desilication, Despite recent forecasts indicat - ing falling demand for transpor- tation fuels and growing demand for petrochemicals, transportation fuels are still fundamental to sus- tain the economic development Mesoporosity / % 400 600 essing of renewable raw material in crude oil refineries is the ten - dency for water retention in the final derivatives. Due to its chem - ical structure, biodiesel for exam- ple tends to retain more than eight times more moisture than fossil diesel which can lead to issues like microbiological degra- dation of the fuel in transport and storage systems. The water con- tent in pure biodiesel can reach close to 1800 ppm while the value in diesel with 20% biodiesel can be close to 280 ppm, and diesel with 5% of biodiesel can contain up to 150 ppm. This will lead the refiners to adapt their hardware to allow water removal from the final derivatives by applying draining systems or the applica- tion of salt filters to control the moisture content. 200 0 800 1000 50 70 90 110 Conventional Conclusion The energy transition is not a question of choice for down- stream industry; it is demanded by society. Decarbonisation (a)

200 of nations, especially developing economies. This reinforces even more the need to reduce carbon emissions in the crude oil process- ing chain. Biofuels can develop a fundamental role to the achieve- ment of this goal in the down- stream industry. 300 400 500 (b)


Random Packings, Catalyst Support Material and Column Equipment


Mesoporosity / % 200 400 300


Catalysis Science & Technology , 2011, Vol. 6. 2 Verboekend D, et al., Synthesis, characterisation and catalytic evaluation of hierarchical faujasite zeolites: milestones, challenges and future directions, Chemical Society Reviews , 2016, Vol. 45, 12, 3331-3352. Nowadays, it is difficult to imagine the global energy matrix free of fossil 3 Verboekend D, Perez-Ramirez J, Towards a sustainable manufacture of hierarchical zeolites. [Online] 2014, https://doi. org/10.1002/cssc.201301313. 4 Valtchev V, Tosheva L, Porous Nanosized Particles: Preparation, Properties and Applications, Chemical Reviews, 2013, Vol. 113, 12, 6734-6760. cr300439k transportation fuels, especially in developing economies Kurt Du Mong is CEO of Zeopore. He has previously lead mature businesses at Shell and Roche as well as investing and growing new ventures at DSM. In 2016 he started his own management company in building, financing and managing technological companies, which gives him a solid basis to run Zeopore's operations as CEO. He graduated as a chemical engineer with additional education in business management and corporate finance. Danny Verboekend is a founder of Zeopore Technologies and responsible for identifying optimal customer solutions, as well as streamlining production and spearheading product innovation. He has been working on the synthesis of accessible mesoporous zeolites using affordable and scalable methods for over a decade. He holds a BSc in chemistry and MSc in chemistry and physics from Utrecht University (Netherlands). He has published over 35 articles on the synthesis or catalytic exploitation of accessible mesoporous zeolites. Petrochemical Integration , IHS Markit, 2020. 5 Robinson P R, HSU C S, Handbook of Petroleum Technology, 1st ed. Springer, 2017. 6 Zhu F, Hoehn R, Thakkar V, Yuh E, Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy – Design, Operation, and Optimization , 1st ed. Wiley Press, 2017. Marcio Wagner da Silva is a process engineer and Transfer and Storage manager on the crude oil refining industry and based in São José dos Campos, Brazil. His experience includes research, design and construction for the oil and gas industry, including dev loping and coordinating projects for operational i provements and debottlenecking bottom of the barrel units. He holds a bachelor’s degree in chemical engi eering from the University of Maringa, Brazil, a PhD in ch mical engineering from the University of Campinas, and MBA in project management from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Zeopore Further reading 1 Brazilian Petroleum Agency (ANP), Brazilian Statistical Yearbook , 2020. 2 Energy Research Company (EPE), Analysis of the Biofuels Conjuncture – Technical Report , 2020. 3 Hilbert T, Kalyanaraman M, Novak B, Gatt J, Gooding B, Mccarthy S, Maximising Premium Distillate by Catalytic Dewaxing , 2011. 4 Reinventing the Refinery through the Energy Transition and Refining-

Std mesopori s ation

Figure 11 (a) The impact of standard (grey) and Zeopore’s (blue) mesopore formation on microporosity (b) Order of magnitude activity benefits mesoporous zeolites bring to the catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics

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